ജനാധിപത്യത്തെ ജീവനോടെ നിലനിര്‍ത്തുന്നത്

– ക്രിസ് ഹെഡ്ജസ്സും ഷെല്‍ഡണ്‍ വോളിനും

tocquville – Wolin

our form of democracy is manufactured democracy.

Alexis de Tocqueville (ടോഖ്‌വില്‍), French political thinker and historian. – participatory democracy.
he discovered (not invented) significance of viable local self government. If a democracy want to avoid pitfall of mass democracy will have to protect and nurture these smaller grouping (municipalities or religious or economic grouping etc) these will offset the drive of modern power towards concentration and control.

New England town meeting and local governance schemes.

“Democracy in America” – Tocqueville

local self governance scheme.

to keep democracy alive, by locally.

Tocqueville at the 1851 “Commission de la revision de la constitution a l’Assemblee nationale”
Tocqueville feared the majority rule. 1840s

Ancient Regime was the monarchic, aristocratic, social and political system established in France from the 15th century until the later 18th century

problem is centralized power. before the power was its army and bureaucracy. not its much more than that. its ability to shape. Lenin thought of it. reshape everything in accordance to centralized power system.
problem with Marx. he know both. what to do after revolution. sustain it.
Lenin let to uniformity.

Mikhail Bakunin – russian revolutionary anarchist, founder of collectivist anarchism.

Adam Ulam – polish-american historian and political scientist at Harvard University. “Lenin Bolsheviks” – the old people who Lenin admired is successful capitalists.

capitalistic system, complete hierarchical, repressive, unforgiving system – state capitalism.
Democracy — eron mayor editor journal 1982.

Politics – journal Dwight MacDonald. 1945.

Leon Trotsky – founder of Red Army publication. letter of Trotsky from Mexico to MacDonald. Everybody has the right to have stupidity of their own beliefs. But comrade MacDonald over views the privilege.
NY Review of Books

you learn not how to lie, but not to say. or not to address, questions that not to ask.

OWS. was very strong on tactics. weak in building its own system of beliefs.

participatory democracy in the age of inverted totalitarianism becomes subversion?
if its harmless, gradually disappear. so its their tactic not to engage intellectually. silence. in modern days memories are short. and use cliche in the mass media to demonize them.

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